The advent of advanced imaging and other technologies has led to an increase in the diagnosis of renal tumors over the past 30 years. A review of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database has shown that the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has increased significantly, by as much as 4% in some populations. Most of the renal tumors diagnosed as a result of increased imaging are of lower stage, namely T1 tumors, with no evidence of metastasis or nodal involvement. The disease has shown a lack of stage migration, with overall mortality constant over the past three decades. This has led urologists and oncologists to rethink their approach to RCC on several points. Has the disease itself changed? Do we need to refine our techniques in treating RCC? How can we improve prognoses?
After completing this activity, the participant should be better able to:
• Analyze the pathologic classifications of renal cell carcinoma.
• Describe the genetic characteristics inherent in histologic subtypes of renal cell carcinoma.
AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)TM
This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and Policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of Medical Education Resources (MER) and Haymarket Media, Inc. MER is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Medical Education Resources designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 creditsTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Maria Alexandra Ordoñez, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Urology
Department of Urology
Columbia University Medical Center
Lara R. Harik, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Pathology
Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
Columbia University Medical Center and
New York Presbyterian Hospital
DISCLOSURE OF CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Medical Education Resources insures balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all our educational programs. In accordance with this policy, MER identifies conflicts of interest with its instructors, content managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of an activity. Conflicts are resolved by MER to ensure all scientific research referred to, reported, or used in a CME activity conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis. MER is committed to providing its learners with high-quality CME activities that promote improvements or quality in health care and not the business interest of a commercial interest.
Maria Alexandra Ordoñez, MD, has no financial relationships to disclose.
Lara R. Harik, MD, has no financial relationships to disclose.
Publishing Staff Disclosures
Jody A. Charnow and Marina Galanakis, Haymarket Media Group, have nothing to disclose with regard to commercial support.
Victoria Smith, MD, Medical Education Resources, Inc., has nothing to disclose with regard to commercial support.
Disclosure of Unlabeled Use
This educational activity may contain discussion of approved and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. Medical Education Resources, Inc. (MER), and Haymarket Medical Education (HME) do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.
The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of MER and HME. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
The content and views presented in this educational activity are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Medical Education Resources or Haymarket Media, Inc. The authors have disclosed if there is any discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA in their presentations. The opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of Medical Education Resources, or Haymarket Media, Inc. Before prescribing any medicine, primary references and full prescribing information should be consulted. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications on dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management.
This program is sponsored by Medical Education Resources, Inc.
This program is produced by Haymarket Medical Education.
If you have any questions relating to the accreditation of this activity, please contact:
Medical Education Resources, Inc.
1500 West Canal Court
Littleton, CO 80120-5615
To obtain credit, a score of 70% or better is required. This CME is offered at no cost to participants. Please proceed with the activity until you have successfully completed this program, answered all test questions, completed the posttest survey, and have received your digital copy of your credit certificate. Your online certificate will be saved on myCME.com within your Profile/Exam History, which you can then access at any time.
WINDOWS PC SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS:
266-MHz Pentium II; Windows 98 or higher; 64 MB RAM; 800 x 600 screen resolution
set for “High Color (16-Bit)”; Macromedia Flash Player 6 or higher.
MACINTOSH® SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS:
Power Mac g3 at 300 MHz; System 8.5 or higher (excluding Mac OSX); 96 MB RAM; 20
MB minimum hard disk space available; 800 x 600 screen resolution set to “Thousands
of Colors”; Macromedia Flash Player 6 or higher.