Sex Disparities in Chemo Use for Advanced Bladder Cancer

This article originally appeared here.
Share this content:
Sex Disparities in Chemo Use for Advanced Bladder Cancer
Sex Disparities in Chemo Use for Advanced Bladder Cancer

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with stage IV bladder cancer, women are less likely than men to receive systemic chemotherapy, and they have lower overall survival (OS), according to a study published online May 25 in Cancer.

Tracy L. Rose, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center in Chapel Hill, and colleagues compared sex differences in demographics, systemic chemotherapy administration, and OS for all patients diagnosed with stage IV bladder cancer from 1998 through 2010, identified using the National Cancer Data Base.

The researchers identified 23,981 patients (35 percent female). There was no difference in the Charlson-Deyo comorbidity score for men and women. Compared with men, women were less likely to receive systemic chemotherapy (45 versus 52 percent; adjusted relative risk, 0.91). Compared with men, women had a lower median OS (8.0 versus 9.8 months; P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, women had lower OS, even after adjustment for administration of systemic chemotherapy (hazard ratio for death, 1.11).

"Women are less likely than men to receive systemic chemotherapy for advanced bladder cancer and this difference may partially account for the poorer OS observed in women," the authors write. "However, OS remains lower in women independent of chemotherapy use, and may be related to unmeasured comorbidities, functional status, or tumor biology."

One author disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Share this content:

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »


Sign up for myCME e-newsletters


Drug Lookup

Browse drugs by: BrandGenericDisease

More in Home

Progress Made on Genetic Test for Anal Cancer

Progress Made on Genetic Test for Anal Cancer

But research is still in early stages

Four Separate Events Led to Zika's Introduction Into Florida

Four Separate Events Led to Zika's Introduction Into ...

Virus strains came from the Caribbean and Latin America, researchers say

New Health Care Act Could Result in 23 Million Losing Insurance

New Health Care Act Could Result in 23 ...

While premiums may lower over the long-term, many would face much higher out-of-pocket costs

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »