December 2016 Briefing - Urology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Pharmacy-Based Sale of Chlamydia Test Kits Is Effective

FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- It is feasible to sell chlamydia test kits through pharmacies and use existing health infrastructure to follow up on results and manage clients, according to a pilot study published online Dec. 23 in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research.

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Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Less Intense Surveillance OK for Some Prostate Cancer Cases

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Certain patients on active surveillance for prostate cancer may be eligible for less intensive surveillance, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

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New Guideline Addresses Male Urethral Stricture

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new guideline by the American Urological Association, published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology, provides a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of male urethral stricture.

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Pritelivir Beats Valacyclovir for Genital HSV-2 Shedding

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The novel herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase inhibitor pritelivir is more effective than valacyclovir for reducing genital HSV-2 shedding, according to a study published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF Recommends Against Routine HSV Screening

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in asymptomatic adolescents and adults, according to an final recommendation statement published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Case Volume Impacts Re-Op Rates After Penile Prosthesis Sx

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeon volume is associated with the likelihood of reoperation after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery, with the trend driven by reoperations for infection, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Review Deems En Bloc Ligation of Renal Hilum Safe

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- En bloc renal hilar vascular staple ligation is as safe as conventional renal pedicle dissection and isolated staple ligation of the renal artery and vein, according to a review published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Preoperative Foley Cath Predicts TURP, TULIP Failure in Older Men

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Poor functional status and having a Foley catheter preoperatively are associated with the risk of failure of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or transurethral laser incision of the prostate (TULIP) for treatment of bladder outlet obstruction, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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BRCA1/2, ATM Mutations ID Risk for Lethal Prostate Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of germline BRCA1/2 and ATM mutations is significantly higher among patients with lethal prostate cancer (PCa) and is an independent predictor of lethal PCa, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in European Urology.

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MRI Has a Role to Play After Negative Prostate Biopsy

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRI-targeted biopsies have a role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with a prior negative prostate biopsy, according to a review published in the December issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Attrition Prevalence 18 Percent for General Surgery Residents

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated prevalence of attrition is 18 percent among general surgery residents, according to a review published online Dec. 14 in JAMA Surgery.

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ASS1 Loss Identified in Invasive Bladder Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Loss of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1), a key enzyme for arginine synthesis, occurs in invasive bladder cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in The American Journal of Pathology.

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Methylation of PITX2 DNA Feasible in Prostate Biopsies

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with prostate cancer (PCa), methylation of the paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2 (PITX2) gene is feasible for individualized risk assessment in prostate core biopsies before surgery, according to a study published online Dec. 8 in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

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Number of Cancer Cases, Deaths Up Globally

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer cases rose 33 percent worldwide in the past 10 years, according to a report published online Dec. 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Pubic Hair Grooming Tied to Heightened Risk of STIs

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Frequent groomers of pubic hair are three to four times more likely to contract a sexually transmitted infection, such as herpes, human papillomavirus, or syphilis, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Erectile Dysfunction Tied to Subclinical Myocardial Injury

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Erectile dysfunction is tied to higher circulating concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), indicating subclinical myocardial injury, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Post-Op Readmission Linked to Delays in Functional Recovery

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, readmission after elective surgery is associated with delays in functional recovery, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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